The book is already publishedAtlas of Transgenic Agribusiness in the Southern Cone. Monocultures, resistance and proposals of the peoples. Coordinated by Acción por la Biodiversidad and systematized by Darío Aranda, it is free and freely downloadable. The Atlas aims to be a tool available to those who resist in the territories, carrying out struggles in defense of life and for Food Sovereignty. It addresses the main problems related to the transgenic model that was established in the Southern Cone during the second half of the 1990s.
The 22 chapters that make up the book develop the introduction of the transgenic agribusiness model in Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay and Bolivia, the growing use of pesticides linked to these seeds, science at the service of this model, the concentration of land and criminalization of peasant farmers, attempts to modify seed laws to establish a patent system, the destruction of ecosystems and regional economies, the oligopolistic control of the market by a handful of corporations, the impact of agribusiness on the women's bodies and Agroecology as an alternative to this predatory model.
In the region, 2 million hectares of forests are deforested every year. This, in turn, led to a process of land concentration: currently, 1% of farms control 36.4% of the land in Argentina and 3% of the large producers control 85% of the land In Paraguay.
The transgenic soy produced in the region is used for the development of biofuels and fodder, and more than 80% of the beans exported by Brazil, Argentina and Uruguay are directed to China.
On the other hand, the use of pesticides grew exponentially, reaching the use of more than 570 million liters of pesticides only in soybean cultivation in 2015 in Brazil. This data is not only linked to the increase in the area, but also to the appearance of "weeds" in the transgenic fields.
Although the defenders of this model maintain that pesticides are harmless, a vast scientific literature has accumulated that proves their effects on health and the environment. To such an extent that, in March 2015, the International Agency for Research on Cancer issued a document in which it classified glyphosate as "probably carcinogenic". Linking glyphosate exposure to cancer incidence as well as DNA damage.
Faced with this context, the publication of a book that comprehensively addresses not only the impacts that this transgenic agribusiness model generates, but also the alternatives that the people build, is fundamental.
As stated in the prologue Damián Verzeñassi, Director of the Socio-Environmental Health Institute of the Faculty of Medical Sciences of the National University of Rosario, this Atlas “will undoubtedly continue to be nurtured and updated with the contribution of the communities that appropriate and transform it in a tool to strengthen their struggles, resistances and seeds. Because this Atlas, the fruit of collective work, is already a seed in search of fertile territories to germinate a healthy world ”.
Authors of the book
- Fernando M. Frank, Argentina.
- Darío Aranda, Argentina.
- Lucia Vicente, Argentina.
- Carolina Acevedo, Argentina.
- Carlos Vicente, Argentina.
- Claudia Korol, Feminists of Abya Yala, Argentina.
- Martha Irene Mamani, TIERRA Foundation, Bolivia.
- Leonardo Melgarejo, Movimento Ciência Cidadã (MCC) and Associação Brasileira de Agroecologia (ABA), Brazil.
- Murilo Mendonça Oliveira de Souza, MCC and ABA, Brazil.
- Gabriel Bianconi Fernandes, MCC and ABA, Brazil.
- Abel Areco, BASE IS, Paraguay.
- Abel Irala, BASE IS, Paraguay.
- Claudia Avila, BASE IS, Paraguay.
- Elizabeth Duré, BASE IS, Paraguay.
- Guillermo Achucarro, BASE IS, Paraguay.
- Guillermo Ortega, BASE IS, Paraguay.
- Leticia Arrúa, BASE IS, Paraguay.
- Lis García, BASE IS, Paraguay.
- Pablo Galeano, REDES-AT, Uruguay.
Source: Action for Biodiversity