Cherry graft, one way, the only way, to ensure us a good quality of the fruit, very tasty, and to ensure good health and long life for this tree. The cherry is a fruit tree that lasts from twenty to more than 100 years and gives us the cherry, sweet and juicy, yes, but also with excellent organoleptic properties. Or better, always better as we know how to take advantage ofcherry grafting and the various cultivation methods to which the tree can be subjected.
Grafting is simply the crossing between the vegetative parts of two related species, it is practiced to obtain good fruit quality and maintain the healthy cherry throughout his life. Without cherry grafting, there would be a problem on the part of the tree itself in following a balanced vegetative rhythm. And goodbye cherries, so good and above all so abundant. In the case of specimens grown in the garden, thecherry grafting it is also a recommended practice to obtain an enviable aesthetic result. With the envy of the neighbor who does not engage.
Cherry tree grafting: period
The period in which to carry out thecherry grafting it depends on the type of grafting to be practiced, which in turn depends on the plants involved and on the "surrounding conditions". The grafts practiced on the cherry tree can be split or gem.
The first should be practiced in spring or autumn so that the mild temperature allows the sap to flow better and for us to better remove the bark. In fact, with this technique of cherry grafting Two branches must be taken from the cherry tree, with two, three buds, instead cut a horizontal portion of the trunk on the other tree. There the scions (the cut branches) are inserted, then proceeding with tying them around the trunk.
L'cherry bud graft it is carried out in July, August by strictly choosing trees that are very vigorous. A portion of bark with a bud attached is taken before spring begins, however, and then left the bud to dry in a bag. Then in the period of cherry grafting said, summer, about 15 cm from the trunk, a cut is made to coincide perfectly with the shape of the gem and is inserted, then tying with raffia or rubber ropes. In general, it is recommended to check the graft every ten to fifteen days to check the conditions of the binding.
Split cherry tree graft
L'grafting split, which I mentioned earlier, consists in adding branches to the rootstock tree with buds called scions. Precisely this technique in our areas is the most frequently practiced, so if you want more information, here is the article for you "Split graft”.
Cherry bud graft
L'cherry grafting it is mainly practiced overseas and, as seen above, consists in inserting branchless buds in a specific portion of the rootstock's bark. There are many growers who believe that bud grafts have a better chance of taking root on cherry and other stone fruit species. Will they be right? Or the team of fans ofgrafting split? Meanwhile, we can also learn more about this technician with the article "Bud graft”.
Cherry on almond tree graft
L'cherry grafting su mandorlo is one of the possibilities that we can evaluate but it is not the only one, and we will see it. A little parenthesis on the choice of rootstocks, before seeing any cases, it takes. The choice of the tree that will receive ours grafting it must be done according to one's objectives as well as the characteristics, conditions of the plant and the properties of the soil.
In addition to those we will see, other plants recommended as rootstocks, depending on the specific chemical-physical characteristics of the soil, for our sweet cherry, are: wild cherry, the magaleppo and the sour cherry. The wild cherry is the absolute rootstock used to graft any variety of cherry.
We come to the case of'Grafting cherry on almond tree. Known the cherry tree and known the practices for grafting, we know the rootstock: scientific name Prunus dulcis. It is a plant of the Rosaceae family up to 5 meters tall with a fairly twisted and cracked stem, lanceolate leaves about ten cm long and white or slightly pink spring flowers, up to 5 cm wide. In addition to thegrafting, the almond tree in some of its varieties is used for its wood insoap industry.
Grafting cherry on black cherry
Another possibility of cherry grafting gives it to usAmareno, said Prunus cerasus: a tree from 2 to 8 meters high with precious wood and edible fruits, even in wild specimens. It can be recognized by its pyramidal crown and oval leaves with a smaller petiole than the cherry tree.
Its homeland is uncertain but today it is also found spontaneously in the woods, sporadically up to about 1000 meters in height, it easily adapts to any climate and does not need special attention. It is therefore also convenient for a cherry grafting, moreover, it does not require particular soils. In addition to acting by rootstocks, Amareno offers fruits for the production of syrups, jams, candied fruit and liqueurs such as sour cherry wine.
Grafting cherry on plum
The third opportunity of cherry grafting, but there are others to discover, it is that on the plum, a plant of the Rosaceae family like the almond tree, but which produces the plum rich in vitamins A-B1-B2 and C and some mineral salts. This tree that lends itself to cherry grafting has the typical umbrella or sapling shape, it blooms in white in early spring while its fruit is harvested from June to October.
Cherry tree grafting: video
Here is a simple and useful video to assist, not live but almost, atgrafting.
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- Cherry blossom: meaning and pictures
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- Cherry tree pruning
- American cherry: a wood to discover