Hydroponic cultivation at home: tips for growing any type of plant at home thanks to the hydroponic cultivation that does not use land.
Warning! Here is an important premise before we start talking about hydroponics in the house. Therehydroponic cultivationit is no more practical or simpler to implement than growing in pots or in open fields. Therehydroponic cultivationit is a technique that requires patience and knowledge. So, if you want to grow strawberries with ease, you should aim for the classic cultivation in pots rather than hypothesize to grow strawberries with the hydroponic technique! For further information:grow strawberries on the balcony.
Who is considering setting up a cultivation systemDIY hydroponics, must know that there are alternatives that are just as clean but more accessible and easier to manage, let's talk about cultivation in bags. Bag growing is less popular but extremely easy to do at home, even in a small space.
If you are a lover of news and you just can't do without the idea of setting up one hydroponic cultivation at home, here's what you need to know:
Cultivationhydroponicsallows you to grow all types of plants using an inert substrate such as clay, rock wool, perlite or vermiculite, the whole plant will be supported directly by an aqueous solution rich in nutrients and minerals wisely dosed according to the type of plant.
Therehydroponic techniqueallows plants to grow in a balanced way both in terms of availability of nutrients and in structural terms: the root system of a plant grown with hydroponics will be underdeveloped because it will be able to absorb all the necessary micronutrients already dissolved in water. On the contrary, in conventional cultivation, the plant tends to invest a lot of energy for root propagation as the roots have to maximize the surface to obtain nourishment from the soil.
Hydroponic cultivation can continue 12 months a year. The advantage of the minimum development of the root system is excellent in the industrial field: hydroponic cultivation sees a yield equal to 100% of the possibilities, far higher than the yield offered by cultivation in the open field. In the home, no returns fromsaleso this advantage is not really that relevant.
Since there is no real soil, maintenance and care work related to weed control and the propagation of pathogens and plant parasites will also be halved.
Hydroponic cultivation at home
After seeing the advantages and how hydroponics works at home, let's move on to the practical part. What do you need to start a hydroponic cultivation at home? An ad hoc system consisting of a container for plants, inert substrate (clay, rock wool, perlite or vermiculite) and a tank to let the nutrient mixture enter the circulation.
During the different stages of cultivation, it will be necessary to check the water values to ensure that the right amount of micronutrients is administered.
The quantity of micronutrients as well as the pH can have optimal values based on the growth phase of the plant: at the beginning of cultivation the plant will need more nitrogen, manganese, iron, boron and calcium, so, to improve its absorption, it will be necessary to maintain a pH value between 5.5 and 5.6. As the plant develops, the pH can be gradually increased to allow for optimal absorption of the magnesium. In full bloom, the best pH is around 6 to allow the absorption of micronutrients such as potassium and phosphorus, which are essential to ensure the development of quality fruit.
As is clear, thehydroponic cultivationit is not at all simple. You must also keep in mind that in the house it will be necessary to control the light and the temperature which must be compatible with the needs of the plant.
Hydroponic growing at home, DIY kit
To make thehydroponic cultivation at homewithin everyone's reach, there is no shortage of ready-to-use kits on the market.
Among the most accessible and practical hydropoic cultivation kits to use we point out the Plant Aeros, proposed on Amazon at the price of 46.16 euros with free shipping. This kit is also perfect for anyone who wants to grow a pint of strawberries!
Those who are not satisfied (rightly) with a single plant can try the Wilma Hydroponic System with 4 Atami jars, the price this time goes up to 89.50 euros (free shipping).
In both cases these are standard kits, consisting of a tank for the nutrient mixture and a hydraulic system that sprays the inert substrate. There is no substrate in the kit so you will also want to buy some perlite or vermiculite.