Sow eggplant, the guide

Sow eggplant, the guide

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Sow eggplant: instructions from planting to harvesting the eggplant. Planting, cultivation of aubergines in pots and in the vegetable garden, treatments and diseases.

Eggplant, sowing

Sow eggplantit is easy: the seeds, at a temperature of 25 ° C, germinate within 5 - 7 days.

The seeds should be soaked for 12 hours in chamomile infusion (or in water) at room temperature. They must be buried at a depth of half a centimeter: buried three seeds for each cell of a honeycomb container for sowing or sown in the open field when the temperature is around 25 ° C. At a temperature below 16 ° C, the seeds remain dormant so they will not have the strength to germinate.

After germination, when the fourth leaf is released, remove the less vigorous seedlings and choose the plant to continue growing or transplanting in the open field.

Sowing period

When to sow eggplant? As stated, the ideal temperature for sowing in the open field is 25 ° C, however those who prefer can sow in a greenhouse or in a protected environment starting from February. To choose the ideal period, take a look at the temperatures and calculate that the planting will take place approximately 40 days after sowing.

Period of eggplant cultivation

Thereaubergineit does not tolerate sudden drops in temperature, so if you want to start a cultivation starting from the seedlings to be transplanted, perhaps buy from the nursery or grow in your greenhouse, try not to forfeit the stages. Based on the seasonal trend, you can decide to carry out the transplant towards the end of April, May or June.

In recent years, due to theclimate changes, you can start cycles ofcultivation of eggplantsvery long even if the times are not anticipated: it is possible to carry on the harvest until the month of October!

How to transplant eggplants

Thetransplantit is a very delicate phase. Thetransplantin the open field it should be done when night temperatures never drop below 15 ° C.

If you live in the north or fear a return of cold, protect themeggplantwith delnon-woven fabric. At the time oftransplant, pay attention to bury at the right level: the collar, that is the portion of the plant that connects the stem to the root, must be in perfect plane with the ground. If in doubt, it is better to bury the collar for an inch rather than leave it uncovered, risking burning the plant or uprooting it at the first gust of wind.

Theeggplantthey prefer deep soils rich in organic matter. Transplant the aubergines at a distance of about 50 cm between the plants, leaving 70 cm of space between one row and the next.

The distance of thecultivationthey increase for the late varieties (those that are grown mainly in the south, more productive and with a greater development) which must be planted at a distance of 80 cm from each other and respecting a space of 90 cm between the rows.

Grow the eggplant in pots

Therecultivation of eggplant in potsit is not recommended. Those who want to grow in pots can choose between thesevegetables to grow on the balcony. Those who are stubborn and do not want to give up the idea ofgrow eggplant in pots, will have to equip themselves with very capacious planters and grow bush eggplants. Leave a distance between the plants of at least 30 cm. In this case, fruiting will focus on the external parts of the vegetation and the harvest will be minimal.

Produce and harvest eggplant seeds

From the cultivation of aubergines you can get the seeds yourself: from each aubergine you can produce 5 grams of seeds that retain good germination until the third following year. To produce the seeds, just let the aubergines ripen on the plant until they have an extremely spongy pulp. The seeds must be extracted from the aubergines that have been slightly wilted in the sun and stored in closed and ventilated jars to be kept in a dark environment.

Video: Biggest Mistakes Made When Starting Seeds Indoors (August 2022).