Marine Reserve of the Tremiti Islands it is a trip to be planned without any reservations, even if only for the nickname that these 5 lands, the only islands in the Adriatic, have earned: "Pearls of the Adriatic". The archipelago-family consists of three older sisters - San Domino, San Nicola and Caprara - from an islet in the middle of them, the Cretaccio, and from a last shy island, Pianosa, at 11 towards the North East. Moving away from the Gargano coast more than 30 miles, we go to find out if they are really pearls.
Tremiti Islands Marine Reserve: where it is and how to get there
There Marine Reserve of the Tremiti Islands concentrates its beauty in less than 3 square km of surface and has a coastal perimeter of 20 km, it is a beauty that can be appreciated both by pure naturalists, who want to immerse themselves in solitude, only with flora and fauna, and by those who love itineraries also landscape and historical-architectural. It finds mostly on larger islands of S. Domino and S. Nicola.
To reach theMarine Reserve of the Tremiti Islandsthere are shipping companies active all year round with ships, motor ships, ferries, hydrofoils which, depending on the period, depart from the ports of Abruzzo (Pescara, Ortona, Vasto), Molise (Termoli) and Puglia, Gargano (Manfredonia, Vieste, Peschici and Rodi Garganico). The port with the most daily trips is that of Termoli, from here in a maximum of two hours you can reach the Marine Reserve of the Tremiti Islands.
You can also use thehelicopter, from Foggia airport, for 20 minutes of flight. The car is best left on our peninsula, it is not allowed unless, with prior authorization, in San Domino. How to get to Marine Reserve of the Tremiti Islands you can also ask the Homeric hero Diomede who gave the ancient name of "Diomedee Islands" to the archipelago.
Having fled from his Thrace he had founded his new kingdom, the Dania, on the Gargano coasts, marking its borders with boulders thrown into the sea. The islands in fact. It is also said that his fans, saddened by his death, have become seabirds, called "diomedee", current Berta major, and still mourn their leader in the skies of the Reserve.
Tremiti Islands Marine Reserve: video
Kingdom of biodiversity and unthinkable natural beauty, theMarine Reserve of the Tremiti Islandsit can also fascinate us in video. From the shots you can already guess the fragrant Mediterranean scrub, the emerald waters, the white stacks alternating with coves of fine sand, fascinating caves, seagulls and the immemorial crystalline seabed.
Click here to watch the video.
Tremiti Islands Marine Reserve: beaches
L'island of the Tremiti Islands Marine Reserve largest where you can enjoy a bit of beach life, is that of San Domino, the most beautiful for the landscapes but also the best equipped in terms of tourist offer between Hotels, Residences, Tourist Villages. Along its perimeter we find beaches that it would be a shame not to visit: small and therefore sophisticated and suggestive.
There Cala delle Arene, the beautiful beach Cala Matano, in honor of the homonymous duchess, the Cala degli Inglesi, where an English smuggling boat sank. The coast is also rich in real monuments and sculptures of which the wind is the author: first of all the "Elephant Rock " and then arches (the Architiello), stacks (I Pagliai) and many caves including that of the Violets and that of Bue Marino.
Tremiti Islands Marine Reserve: Capraia Island, San Nicola Island
The others two large islands these are, let's start from San Nicola which is also the historical and administrative but also religious center of the archipelago. It is an island of 42 hectares, 1600 meters long: an open-air museum full of walls, churches and cloisters, where the abbey of Santa Maria a Mare stands out. To visit are the tower of the Cavaliere de Crocifisso and the Badiali Castle.
Exploring its elongated shape, along the coast dotted with large rocks and sheer walls, we meet the small beach where there is the Marina, with a small port, the Grotto of San Michele, with a sort of rock skull to welcome us, and the spectacle of the Sawn rocks: huge boulder that split perfectly in two. It looks fake!
L’Island of Capraia It has a coastline of 4,700 meters, today it is uninhabited and little frequented even by tourists. On the other hand, it is rich in wild caper plants that gave it its name, perhaps. Or it was the wild goats, once very common on the island. This island of the Marine Reserve of the Tremiti Islands offers us two suggestive coves, the Cala Sorrentina and the Cala dei Turchi, and a large number of herring gulls. Its part towards the north is high, the south slope gently descends towards the sea.
There peninsula of Punta Secca it is a paradise for divers who can participate in one of the most beautiful dives in the whole Mediterranean: the Secca di Punta Secca. Always under the sea, there is also the statue of St. Pio of Pietralcina, work of Domenico Norcia.
Tremiti Islands: flora and fauna
The vegetation is 100% Mediterranean but in each island it diversifies making theMarine Reserve of the Tremiti Islands a treasure trove of biodiversity. In theSan Domino island reigns the Aleppo pine, autochthonous, together with a thick and luxuriant undergrowth of evergreen essences. There is also room for holm oak, with undergrowth of butcher's broom, wild madder, myrtle, mastic, honeysuckle.
Caprara and San Nicola are all Mediterranean scrub, with species such as "classic" such as wild oleaster, mastic and phyllirae, and other rare species: Euphorboia arborea and Daphne olivella in primis. On the coast there are also endemic species to be known, such as Lemon and the Cornflower of the Tremiti, the Stellina delle Tremiti, L'Alisso di Leuca and theGarlic from the Tremiti Islands. The Pianosa and Cretaccio islands they have a rather sparse vegetation, characterized by the presence of Centaur major, Salicomia glauca, Atriplice alimo.
In the fauna of the Marine Reserve of the Tremiti Islands birds dominate which, numerous, pass and / or nest with love. There are the famous Berte, already mentioned as "diomedee", in honor of Diomede, the historical founder of the islands. But I'm in good company with the Seagull, of the Peregrine Falcon he was born in Kestrel. More modest and less suggestive, but important, also the presence of reptiles, including the Field lizard and the Snake: only snake of the Marine Reserve of the Tremiti Islands, absolutely harmless and non-poisonous. Even fewer are mammals, mostly rodents: the wild rabbit, the black rat and the domestic mouse.
Tremiti Islands: where they are
To be sure to find and, once reached, to know how to turn, the Marine Reserve of the Tremiti Islands, here is a very useful map, also for planning a visit from home.
Marine Reserve of the Tremiti Islands
There Marine Reserve of the Tremiti Islands is part of the Gargano National Park, a park which you can read in depth in the dedicated article. It is a very precious protected area, which offers services, itineraries and proposals for families as well as for enthusiasts. From also turn by bike, or engaging in more exploratory activities.
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