Eucalyptus - cultivation, uses and properties of the plant. All useful information for growing eucalyptus in the garden and exploiting its beneficial properties.
Eucalyptus, characteristics of the plant
L'eucalyptus,botanically known aseucalyptus globulus, a tree which reaches a height of 30 - 35 meters. It has an erect, smooth and grayish trunk as well as the branches.
The young branches bear opposite, sessile, oval leaves with a characteristic silvery green color.
The older branches, on the other hand, have alternating leaves placed in scattered order. The leaves of the more mature branches are lanceolate and arched. It is the oldest leaves that contain the highest concentrations of active ingredients useful for counteracting a large number of ailments.
THEflowersofeucalyptuscan be seen on thetreein spring. The flowers develop from the axil of the leaves and have no petals.
The chalice ofeucalyptus flowersit has the shape of a gibbous top: the enlarged part is covered by a characteristic operculum which is dropped at the moment of flowering. The operculum reveals a large number of stamens.
The fruit of the eucalyptus
Eucalyptus fruit is an angular capsule developed at the base of the flower's calyx. It is in this capsule that the seeds of the tree are contained.
When to grow eucalyptus
You can grow eucalyptus starting from seeds. Eucalyptus is sown in the greenhouse in autumn.
You can start growing eucalyptus in spring. The seedlings, in fact, are transplanted in this period.
For the cultivation of Eucalyptus globulus, with its showy semi-woody buds and silvery, almost blue-blue foliage, you need enough space in the garden.
This tree is native to Tasmania but adapts well to the Mediterranean climate. In Italy it can be grown in the Center, in the South and on the islands. In northern Italy, the cultivation of eucalyptus must follow several precautions: it is better to avoid choosing the E. globulus species and taking more frost-resistant species.
Eucalyptus has no particular requirements in terms of the quality of the soles. It can also grow in poor and shallow soils, however it develops more vigorously if cultivated in clayey, deep and very humid soils. The eucalyptus plant does not fear water stagnation, indeed, more than all the eucalyptus globulus species prefers a strong humidity. It is no coincidence that eucalyptus leaves are so rich in water! The eucalyptus, although living in different soil conditions, prefers a soft and preferably non-alkaline soil.
Eucalyptus pruning can also be very intense: this plant is able to undergo extreme pruning, so much so that it can be grown with a sapling or shrub form. With appropriate annual pruning, eucalyptus can be grown as a shrub while maintaining small dimensions, even not exceeding 2 meters - 2 and a half meters. Eucalyptus tends to develop without problems even if pruning sees heavy cuts at the base.
Eucalyptus, uses and properties
Those lucky enough to have the eucalyptus plant can prepare a large number of natural remedies.
Eucalyptus leaves can be harvested throughout the summer and consumed in winter to cure most ailments. Eucalyptus leaves, in fact, have strong mucolytic properties (perfect against coughs and colds), expectorants (perfect for clearing the airways and bronchi) and antiseptic (to help the immune defenses fight the flu). For all the healing properties, uses and natural remedies, we invite you to read the page:eucalyptus, properties and uses of the leaves.
In the photo above, theeucalyptus tree and two koalas feeding on the leaves. The eucalyptus leaves so are rich in water, in fact the koala takes most of the liquids almost exclusively by feeding on the leaves of this splendid one plant.
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