How to grow peanuts, it is a practice to be explained, certainly more thoroughly than that of how to eat them, given how much each of us, I imagine, is greedy for them. But let's imagine we can nibble our peanuts, home made, and offer them to friends showing them that we have learned How to grow peanuts? A whole different flavor. So, let's see how to proceed to make this nice legume grow luxuriantly, in a vegetable garden or in a pot.
It is simple, I will state it, because it is a fairly rustic plant, so just follow the general guidelines regarding proper irrigation and weeding to check for the presence of any enemies, such as aphids, or enemies, weeds.
Peanuts: plant and its origins
Before knowing How to grow peanuts, let's see how the plant is made. To get an idea, just imagine it resembling that of chickpeas, about 30 cm high or a little more. When it blooms, it produces gods yellow clusters of racemes, then fertilized.
At this point it happens that the same flowers bend under the ground creating the pod with the seeds, usually reaching a depth of 7-8 cm. What interests us the pod? It is what contains the peanuts which, when roasted, keep us company during happy hours or at evenings at the cinema.
In the past, even in Italy it was common to know How to grow peanuts because I know it did in many areas of the country, today not anymore, not as frequently as in the past and as it still happens in third world countries that then produce seed oil.
Another essential premise before understanding How to grow peanuts is why to cultivate them. Here is an immediate answer that will certainly satisfy everyone. Because then I will produce seeds that we can toast and eat as a snack or blend for some peanut butter made with our hands.
Also note, above all, how American peanut, Somewhere also called ground pistachio, the peanut is in fact easy to grow even in Italy and in a few steps it becomes a spreadable cream on bread. There is who also combines it with bananas or other fruits: as good as it is, it lends itself to many creative uses in the kitchen.
How to grow peanuts in the vegetable garden
Here we are finally talking about How to grow peanuts, let's start from the garden premising that like all legumes, peanuts also take nitrogen from the atmosphere and fix it in the soil enriching it - This is not for pure scientific interest, but pragmatically to demonstrate that as plants they are excellent if included in the rotation of a synergistic garden.
When you learn How to grow peanuts you immediately understand that you need a fairly loose soil and that does not create water stagnation, the climate must be warm, never below 15 degrees. As for exposure, preferably in the sun and sheltered from winds and icy currents. If we want to anticipate the sowing or the late spring to come, we can cover the planted peanuts with non-woven fabric, or start in a seedbed indoors and then transplant them outside when the season improves.
It is not necessary to exaggerate with irrigations, as long as they are regular and never risking creating stagnation, moreover during the ripening phase they must be suspended to avoid rotting our peanuts. A hundred days pass from sowing to harvesting, usually scheduled in autumn. To understand that it is time to go looking for the seeds, we can observe if theyellowing of the leaves larger, at that point the plants must be torn from the ground in order to extract the pods containing the seeds.
How to grow peanuts in pots
If we decide, or are forced, to understand How to grow peanuts in pots, here are the essential indications. We choose pots about 30 cm deep, with a diameter of 40-50 cm, and arrange them in a sunny area protecting the plants that will come from fungal diseases with nettle or horsetail macerate. Put in the sun, the pot of peanuts should be kept sheltered even indoors, if necessary, in the cold months, choosing a soil for sowing must be well drained and soft.
Another thing to know about How to grow peanuts is that the germination of the seeds takes from 3 to 5 days, then over time we can afford to select the most resistant plants and transplant them into larger pots, one for each pot. It is not mandatory to use fertilizers, for peanuts, which usually fend for themselves, unaided.
When we look for seeds to show that we have learned How to grow peanuts I recommend, not the toasted ones! It would be no small gaffe. It takes the seed with the reddish film intact and just like that it should be buried, if in a vegetable garden leaving a distance of 15 cm between the plants, between one row and the next better 30 cm.
If we do not want to get confused and start off on foot, and with the right seeds, we can buy them online. Those of Somali peanut, at 13 euros, if well cultivated, they will give life to one plant about 50 cm high which will produce pods containing 2/3 ready grains to toast in the oven and enjoy.
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