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Perilla oil: properties of the oil seeds of perilla and the oil that is extracted. Extracts and natural remedies obtained from the Perilla frutescens plant.
TherePerilla frutescensis a plant of the Limiaceae family, the same as basil and mint. When we talk about the Perilla frutescens species, we mainly refer to two varieties.
Perilla frutescens var crispa is a herbaceous plant with an aromatic leaf, widely used in the East. In Korea it is calledjasoyupwhile in Japan it is called shiso and in China ZiSu. Given the global importance of Japanese cuisine, the aromatic plant P. frutescens var crispa is called Shiso all over the world.
L'perilla oil it is extracted from another variety. The Perilla frutescens var frutescens. This plant is grown as an annual. Its cultivation is for food or herbal purposes, for the collection of oil seeds and the production of oil. Oil seeds are used for oil extraction or for food purposes.
The difference between the two varieties is substantial: 1000 seeds of the aromatic varietyShisothey weigh only 1.5 grams while the same amount of oil seeds weighs 4 g. Yes, the seeds in any case are very small.
The shiso plant reaches a height ranging from 40 to 100 cm while thePerillacultivated for its oil seeds, it reaches heights ranging from 60 to 150 cm.
THEperilla seeds(of the variety dedicated to the cultivation of oil seeds) contain about 38-45% of lipids. The composition in terms of fatty acids is very interesting because it makes perilla oil one of the oils with the highest percentage of omeg-3. In particular we see a strong presence ofalpha-linolenic acid (ALA),with quantities ranging between 54 - 65%, only 14% of linolenic acid. The ratio of omega-6 fatty acids is also unusual. Due to its nutritional properties, perilla oil can be considered an excellent alternative to other seed oils.
The Japanese variety (shiso) contains only 25% lipids but retains the comparable 60% ratio of ALA (alpha linolenic acid).
According to a study * published in 2000, some of the compounds contained in the perilla plant and its seeds, could inhibit the cyclooxygenase enzyme with a mechanism comparable to that of non-steroidal drugs such as aspirin or ibuprofen. In other words, perilla oil would be able to perform a mild anti-inflammatory action.
L'perilla oilit has become famous for its high quantity of micronutrients, in particular Vitamin E, polyphenols and flavonoids. These compounds play an important anti-oxidant action, protecting our body from oxidation induced by free radicals. L'perilla oilprovides a fair amount of vitamin A, iron and calcium.
Given its properties, this oil is also marketed in the form ofsupplementfood. Where to buy it? In the most well-stocked herbalist's shops or by taking advantage of the online purchase.
On Amazon, a bottle of 90 capsules is offered at a price of 19.95 euros with free shipping costs. The supplement provides good amounts of alpha linolenic acid, oleic acid and linoleic acid, all of vegetable origin. The supplement is also offered for those who follow a vegan lifestyle.
Also on Amazon there is no shortage of bottles with pure and organic perilla oil. For all information on the various products, I refer you to Amazon page dedicated to the product.
A remarkable anticoagulant effect was observed in the oily seeds of perilla and in the extracted oil. For this reason, perilla-based food supplements should be avoided by those following drug therapy based on warfarin or other anticoagulants. Its use should be moderate (or completely avoided) even by those who habitually use drugs such as aspirin or which, in the same way, have an anticoagulant effect.
* Liu, J.-H .; Steigel, A .; Reininger, E .; Bauer, R. (2000). "Two new prenylated 3-benzoxepin derivatives as cyclooxygenase inhibitors from Perilla frutescens".
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