Homocysteine: values ​​and symptoms

Homocysteine: values ​​and symptoms

Homocysteine, perhaps it sounds familiar even to someone with no medical degree, in fact it is one of the values ​​that when we do blood tests, is checked frequently. When it is high, the Homocysteine it is often associated with an increased risk of suffering from severe cardiovascular diseases including atherosclerosis, myocardial infarction, stroke and thrombosis. So better know what it is and what it is foods more suitable to keep it in the values ​​c

Homocysteine: what it is

By enzymatic transformation this substance comes produced by our metabolism starting from the amino acid methionine which in turn we absorb by eating certain foods. Among the best known are milk and dairy products, eggs, meat and even legumes. Homocysteine ​​is a sulfur amino acid, sulphured because a sulfur atom appears in its chemical formula.

Homocysteine: values

For a healthy adult the plasma homocysteine ​​concentration must be between 5 and 12 micro-moles per liter to be considered normal and not worrying. These values ​​that emerge when we do the blood tests are referred to the total quantity regardless of the shape in which the circulation is found.

It should also be specified because this amino acid can be present in the blood in various guises: as a single molecule or bound to some proteins or as in a form in which two molecules are joined, called dimer.

In addition to our diet, there are numerous factors that determine the concentration of homocysteine ​​in the blood, for example it it also depends on the medications we take, from any hereditary diseases, from smoking or from excessive consumption of coffee or similar exciting drinks. Folate deficiency also increases the values ​​above those accepted and recommended.

High homocysteine

We have already mentioned the risks associated with a high value, and the higher it is, the more predictably the risk increases. Indicatively, it can be based on a scale, but it is necessary to talk about it with an expert doctor and not stop at tables that are informative and can give us an "alert" to investigate.

Up to 12, we have already said that it is acceptable, from 16 to 30 micro-moles per liter, the risk is still moderate but not to be underestimated, from 31 to 100 micro-moles per liter increases cardiovascular risk and if the homocysteine ​​value exceeds 100 micro moles per liter, the situation is seriously worrying.

Low homocysteine

We don't hear much about low homocysteine ​​because the risk is linked to high values. In general, however, we can keep in mind that concentrations of this amino acid in our blood are regulated by metabolism and involve folic acid, also called vitamin B9. We can find it especially in fresh vegetables. You can also contact your doctor for help, to regulate folic acid with a vitamin B12-based supplement.

Homocysteine ​​symptoms

Don't wait to get sick or hatch you're suspicious for do a check which is usually prescribed to those who, due to age, lifestyle and gender, may have a high cardiovascular risk. If, on the other hand, we have already suffered from heart attack, stroke and venous thrombosis, frequent and careful checks are practically automatic and necessary.

There are also other categories that are best advised to stay within the recommended values, such as those with high blood pressure, diabetes, high cholesterol, hyperthyroidism, and those who are familiar with heart and vascular disease.

There are also some medications which, if taken, can cause homocysteine ​​levels to vary and it would therefore be better to keep it under control. Among these we find birth control pill, methotrexate and carbamazepine.

Homocysteine: what to eat

Before getting alarmed and resorting to drugs, the first step is to arrange the power supply: it is often not adequate for homocysteine ​​without our knowledge and it takes little to correct the values ​​if not already serious.

We need to make sure that we feed on copious amounts of folic acid through "green" vegetables like salad, peas and spinach. Also excellent dried fruit, especially peanuts, and they are welcome legumes, beans and lentils in the first place. Vitamin B12 is useful to accompany and we find it in milk and dairy products, in meat and seafood.

There is also the possibility of taking supplements but it is certainly not a way to continue eating unregulated, they can work if we already a healthy lifestyle. A example at 14 euros "Homocysteine ​​defense" able to reduce homocysteine ​​levels.

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Video: Folate Deficiency Vs Vitamin B12 Deficiency (May 2021).