How to choose the apartment ferns, advice on cultivation and the choice offern best suited to our needs. All information on the care to be dedicated to this plant.
Theindoor fernsthey are perfect for creating a patch of greenery in the house. They are beautiful, elegant but need a lot of water and frequent foliar nebulizations.
Indoor ferns and outdoor ferns
Thefernsfrom apartmentthey are suitable for growing indoors because, in our latitudes, in winter, they would not be able to tolerate the cold climate.
In nature, they thrive in the lower layers of tropical and subtropical forests, which is why they can be counted among indoor plants that need little light.
They want little light but lots of humidity and consistently high temperatures. On the contrary, theoutdoor fernsthey are not native to subtropical and tropical areas. What we classify asoutdoor fernsthey grow spontaneously in the sub-woods of Central and Northern Europe and North America.
They are more resistant to cold, which is why we can grow them in the garden, in shady places. Just as house ferns die when grown in the garden,outdoor fernsthey are subject to rapid decay when grown in a closed and heated environment.
Fern, one name and many plants
Asplenium, davallia, platicerio, pellea, maidenhair fern…. they are all plants which we commonly call fern. Between ferns most suitable for home cultivation are all those of the Polypodiaceae, Adiantaceae and Asplendiaceae family. Despite the abundance of plants (species and varieties of ferns), those we find in the home environment are few. Here is a list of house ferns:
- Nephrolepis exaltata, commonly known as fern.
- Adiantum capillus veneris, commonly known as Maidenhair fern.
- Aspelnium antiquum, Asplenium.
- Davallia bullata, davallia
- Pteris cretica, pteris.
- Cyrtomium falcatum, Cirtomio.
- Platycerium bifucatum, Platicerio.
- Pellaea rotundifolio, Pellea.
Grow house ferns
Regardless of the species, allindoor fernsthey do not give big problems regarding thecare and cultivation. To ensure good plant health, some basic plant needs must be met. In particular:
Temperature and humidity
Thereapartment fernit needs temperatures which, in autumn and winter, must never drop below 13 - 15 ° C. In spring and summer, the room temperature should be between 23 - 25 ° C. Higher temperatures are tolerated only if in the presence of a lot of humidity.
Light and shadow
If you want to move the ferns outside (perhaps on the balcony) in the summer, you can do so only if you place them in the shade, but never under conifers because the resins can cause lesions on the fronds.
All apartment ferns prefer partial shade exposure even if they adapt to the shade and less bright places. They are among theindoor plantsmore suitable for dark places in the house.
If there is too much light, the fern begins to suffer and will show yellowed or even burnt leaves. Damaged plants must be placed in a shady place and the loose leaves or those damaged by sun and light must be cut.
Soil and pot
The pot must be organized with an ad hoc soil: allfernsthey prefer organic, peaty, not too light soil with a fair amount of ground forest leaves or heather. On the market there are specific soil for apartment fern, however if you prefer to do it yourself or if you do not find it on the market, you can prepare the substrate by combining:
- 40% peaty loam
- 40% of leaf earth or heather earth
- 20% medium clayey field earth
Repotting the fern
Therepottingof thefernit takes place from late winter to mid-spring. It is important to repot the fern before full vegetative growth.
To stimulate the production of new leaves, it can be fertilized with a specific fertilizer for green indoor plants. It is fertilized 2 or 3 times in spring and once in autumn.