Shallot, plant cultivationstarting from the seed or bulbs. Tips for growing shallots.
Theshallotit's aplantmulti-year herbaceous but, in our climate, it is possiblecultivateas an annual plant. Its scientific name isAllium ascalonicumand, unlike the other plants of its family such as garlic and onion, it does not produce flowers.
For theshallot cultivationthe same rules of onion cultivation are followed. Growing shallots is possible both in pots and in the garden.
The first cultivation of the shallot can start from the seed while in the following years it is possible to bury the cloves. Choose bulbils with an average weight of 15 - 20 grams, aligning them in a straight line and spaced, one from the other by about 10 - 15 cm. The rows must be 40 apart.
The tip of the bulb must be positioned upwards, just below the ground level.
The ideal period for growing shallots starting from the bulbs falls between October and December, towards the end of autumn; those who live in northern Italy would do well to postpone the plant. The ideal time to grow shallots from seed falls with the end of spring.
Salogno grows well with temperatures between 10 and 28 ° C. For the cultivation of shallots in pots or in the open field, choose a sunny spot.
For thecultivation in the vegetable garden, shallots do not tolerate too clayey and compact soils but choose well in loose, sandy or medium-textured ones. If the soil in your garden is prone to water stagnation, you can facilitate draining with a pre-planting deep dig.
Shallot, intercropping and rotation in the garden
The shallot does not need particularly fertile soils but a long rotation of at least 4 - 5 years is recommended before replanting the bulbs in the same plot.
You can plant the shallot in areas where other lilacs, nightshades, cabbages or beets were grown. After the cultivation of shallots, in the same plot of the garden you can grow carrots, wheat, lettuce, barley and radicchio.
Grow the shallot starting from the seed
For popularity we point out the seeds of the Zebrune shallot, famous for its use in programs such asMaster Chef and appreciated by starred Chefs.
Here is how thesowingof theshallot.
- Sowing depth: 6 mm
- Germination time: 10 - 14 days with an ideal temperature between 20 - 24 ° C.
- Leave a space of 25 cm between the rows.
- Leave a space of 8 cm between one plant and another.
- It is harvested between the end of July and August.
- Collect on a dry day.
- Sow sparingly to avoid excessive thinning.
- Sow in well-drained soil in a sunny position.
- Use a soil fertilized with organic matter.
For the distance between the plants, follow the one seen in the previous paragraph.
Grow the shallot starting from the bulb
If you have a shallot at home that has produced a first sprout, you can hypothesize to grow it following the instructions seen in the paragraph dedicated tocultivation.
Typically, for thecultivationvery small bulbs are chosen. If you have a large salogno, avoid growing it as it will tend to give rise to small bulbs.
On the contrary, oneshallotsmall, will tend to produce fewer but larger bulbs. Always choose healthy, vital and organically grown bulbs.
Grow the shallot in pots
Choose a pot that is at least 45 - 50 cm deep. The shallot needs a useful depth of at least 40 cm. Choose a medium-textured, well-drank soil with a pH in the range of 6 - 7.5. Enrich the soil with organic matter.
Irrigate from the month of May, taking care to let the soil dry between one intervention and the next.
Tip for cutting onions and shallots without crying
To peel the onion without crying, fill a glass of water and vinegar, divide the shallot into several parts and sprinkle the mixture on the pulp in order to break down the fumes that cause tearing.