Because separate collection is done: ibenefitsof separate collection and the use of materials that can be recycled.
Thererecyclinglays the foundations ofrecycling. Therecyclingit is a conversion process that transforms waste into new materials, objects or substances completely different from original waste.
Thererecyclingoffers aValid alternativeto classicwaste disposalperformed in landfill.
Thanks torecyclingof materials it is possible to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, make a more efficient use of raw materials and resources understood asenergy and water.
Separate collection, benefits
The benefits related to separate collection are many:
- environmental benefits (net cut in polluting emissions, efficient use of resources * ...)
- Benefits for the local community that carries out separate collection.
- Economic benefits (we have a direct and indirect economic impact).
- * Efficient use of resources (water saving, fossil fuel saving, raw material saving, electricity saving ...).
- Benefits for health.
It would be better to talk aboutsocio-economic advantages and socio-environmental advantages.In the next paragraphs we will try to deepen some points.
Economic benefits of recycling
The economic advantages cannot be generalized because the recycled product is not always economically more sustainable than that obtained by processing raw material.
The economic advantages are found with the separate collection of plastic, aluminum, rare earths, paper, steel, copper, organic waste, wood, cork, metals, construction site waste ...advantages economic related to recycling they strictly depend on the degree of purity of the waste.
THE economic benefits are less tangible to the glass recyclingbut, for example, if it were possible to differentiate the bottles by color of the glass, the economic yield would be greater. The ground glass of brown beer bottles (dark orange) is more “expensive” and therefore recycling could have a not negligible economic return. For the collection of glass, it is in the North of Italy that the highest virtuosity is recorded, also because the glass collected in Italy is often sent to nearby Switzerland to get new life.
Otherseconomic benefits of separate collectionthey are indirect ones: creation of new jobs, opening of new factories and not negligible capital movements. For example, plastic recycling in Italy moves a business of 700 million euros, with 2 thousand professionals and over 300 companies involved.
As if the economic advantages just mentioned were not enough, there are also positive implications for communities that are distinguished by greater virtuosity. THEcommonmorerecyclersthey are rewarded by the various consortia and by the State itself. If you are looking for motivations that push you todo separate collection, know that in the municipalities where the separate collection is done well, the “garbage tax” is lower! In addition, the municipal coffers work better and local administrations will have more services to offer to citizens.
Separate collection, why do it
Sixadvantagesexposed so far have not been convincing enough and you are still wonderingwhy do the separate collection, just think of the impact of landfills on human health.
The alternative torecyclingit consists of the classic landfills with waste storage (sometimes even in the open air or uncontrolled storage with the production of leachate) or incinerators.
Landfills and incinerators are systems ofwaste disposalfamous for their harmful impact on health. Thererecyclingit should be done (and even well!) only to avoid the environmental impact of waste.
Separate collection in Italy
In Italy the recycling she left very timidly. In 2009, municipalities were obliged to collect irecyclable wastefrom non-recyclable materials. This obligation should have started already in 2003.
A new legislation provided for the obligation to differentiate at least 65% of waste by 2012, however, this target also failed and in 2013 the percentage of recycling nationally it was only 42.3%.
On the podium of the Municipalities that reach excellent levels of waste separation the cities of Milan, Salerno and Turin are included. For more information onrecycling: which waste can be differentiated.