Caring for a bonsai: fertilization, irrigation, pruning, defoliation and lots of advice oncareto be given tobonsai.
Giving or treating yourself to a plant always requires a certain amount of responsibility. With the bonsai, the responsibility increases because a slight neglect would condemn the plant to certain death.
THE bonsaithey have ancient origins and represent nature in a realistic and miniaturized way in the form of a tree. Yeah, ibonsaithey are miniature trees.
It's easy to say"Bonsai". Actually, saybonsaiit's a bit like saying "plant". It is easy to wonderhow to take care of a bonsai but the answer is not as intuitive because each plant has its own specific needs. THE Bonsai they are plants grown in dwarf form, in fact, all tree species can be used and each species has its specific needs.
Every species of bonsai requires care details but fear not. It is not said that you have to be an expert for grow bonsai.. you just need to have some time and patience to dedicate the right care to the plants.
Let's see in detail how to take care of a bonsai following some general indications and learning the basic techniques.
Choose the first bonsai
If you haven't bought your first bonsai yet, all experts recommend starting with abonsai ficus ginseng, a sapling able to adapt to different climatic conditions. Abonsai ficus ginsenghas a better chance of surviving even in the hands of the less experienced.
How to take care of a bonsai
To allow a healthy development of thebonsai you have to pay attention to some aspects: light, pruning, watering, fertilizing, repotting, defoliation and spinning.
Light - Exposure
Some more and some less, any bonsaineeds light. It is ahotspotwhen you decide togrow an indoor bonsai.
The lack of direct light, in fact, induces a large number of problems for the plant even when thebonsaiit is grown close to an open window!
The bonsai it needs light, without it photosynthesis cannot take place, and if this does not happen the plant cannot survive.
The bonsai it should be placed in the sunniest place, but not in direct sunlight. If it is an indoor bonsai, place it near a lighted window, but during the summer it is preferable to place it outdoors to ensure that the foliage comes into contact with fresh air and night dew.
Make sure the foliage never comes into contact with the window pane. Excessive heat could burn the leaves.
Thebonsai ficus ginsengit can also adapt to different light conditions. For other species, remember that if you are growing abonsaiof a sciaphilous plant, the light could be even too intense, on the contrary, for other species, the light could be little.
How to water a bonsai
The bonsai should usually be watered about once every three days but during the summer, it is good to spray a little water on the leaves to refresh the bonsai every day. Pay attention to excesses of water, they will cause root rot and therefore the death of the plant.
THEbonsai, indoors or outdoors, they should be irrigated only when necessary. For outdoor bonsai, the operation is simpler because there is less risk of water stagnation and the direct sun causes the soil to dry faster.
For theindoor bonsaiinstead, attention must be paid to the size of the pot, the level of light, the humidity of the room, the temperature and the quantity of leaves.
To understand when to irrigate the bonsai, gently scratch the surface of the soil, if it is dry, irrigate by administering a small amount of water.
Repotting a bonsai
The pots must be changed periodically according to the moment of development of the plant and the species. Generally speaking, it can be said that an adult plant can be potted about every three years. The roots of the bonsai they have a fairly slow growth, so constant repotting of the plant is not necessary. At the time of repotting the bonsai, the roots must also be pruned. All information on repotting bonsai is contained in the article:Bonsai, repotting.
How to prune a bonsai
Another aspect not to be underestimated is the pruning which must be careful and accurate. It is necessary to gently prune the shoots that spoil the aesthetics of the plant. The "miniature plant" must always be well balanced, there must be no jets capable of creating disorder within the green space. For every information:bonsai pruning.
How to fertilize a bonsai
Therefertilization of bonsaiit is an aspect of fundamental importance. Forfertilize the bonsaiyou have to draw up a well-planned calendar: take the agenda and write down the days in which to proceed so as not tomiss any appointment.
To understand the importance offertilization of bonsaijust look at the pot in which your little tree grows. How much land does it have? Very little! The nutritional reserves of the soil of abonsai potthey are very limited.
Fertilizers should be given every two weeks. Therefertilization of bonsaiit must be started from the growth phase of the bonsai up to the "dormant" period. The problem is that iindoor bonsaithey do not face a dormant period because in homes the temperatures are always mild.
There are several types offertilizer for bonsai, all more or less valid. I recommend that you choose aliquid fertilizeror soluble so to be applied with fertigation. Avoid pelleted or granulated fertilizers, which are more difficult to dose and manage in a small pot.
For prices and info onfertilizers for bonsaiI refer you to This Page.
Styles, Ligatures and prunings
The hardest thing about thecultivationof abonsai, It's not a lotwhen and how muchirrigating is not the type of soil to use or the right fertilizer… the hardest thing isshape the plant.
Shaping abonsaiit requires the greatest investment in terms of commitment and patience. With thepruningnot only do you go toto containthe native form of thebonsaibut the tiny little tree in miniature can also be modified over the years.
We talk about spinningorbindingto intertwine the branches or to create a "C" curve of the main trunk or one of the branches. With thebindingand thepruningdifferent styles can be given to plants.
For eachbonsai, the shape must be chosen based on the characteristics of the plant and the desired effect. Cultivation styles of the bonsaithere are many, to name a few: inverted broom (hokidachi), informal style (moyogi), on rock (ishizuki), wood (yose-uè), multiple trunk (kabudachi), prostrate or semi cascade (hankeniani), cascade ( Kenyans) and raft. The ligaturesand thebonsai pruningthey must shape the small tree but always following the characteristics of the plant as much as possible so as to cultivate a bonsaihealthy and strong.
For style and ligatures, there are endless manuals and the most important means of learning is practice. In order not to leave you in trouble, we recommend the bookBonsai. Styles, binding and pruning ".
The book in question is part of the seriesGreen thumbby Giunti Editore. It is a very useful illustrated manual for both those who already grow bonsai and for those who are just starting out (thanks to the illustrations and step-by-step instructions). The book can be bought for 6.72 euros on Amazon, with free shipping costs. For all information, please refer to the page:Bonsai. Styles, ligatures and prunings.